__ | __|__ | __| | | | | __ | | | | |__|__ | _Unknown Ashmore ____| | | | | __ | | | | | __|__ | | | | |__| | | | | __ | | | | |__|__ | | |--John Ashmore | (1613 - 1675) | __ | | | __|__ | | | __| | | | | | | __ | | | | | | |__|__ | | |_____________________| | | __ | | | __|__ | | |__| | | __ | | |__|__
John and his brother William arrived in Maryland March 3, 1634, on the ships the Ark and the Dove. William was shot and killed shortly after they arrived.
The reason they come to Maryland is explained as follows which I (Ron Custer) have taken from "Early immigration to Maryland in the Colonial Era: St Mary's City".
Maryland developed from a tract of country belonging to the original grant of Virginia. George Calvert, the First Lord Baltimore, was looking for land with a similiar climate to that of England on which to establish his new colony. He had founded a colony on the island of Newfoundland in 1927, but due to extreme bitter cold in the winter, the colony was abandoned and the colonists returned to England on the ships, the Ark and Dove. He then put his sights on obtaining land in Virginia, parts of which had already been colonized. In 1632, King Charles I of England granted what is present day Maryland and Delaware to George Calvert. George wrote the Charter of Maryland, but died that same year. His son, Cecelius Calvert, the Second Lord Baltimore along with his brother, Leanord Calvert, were determined to complete their father's mission and establish a colony in which those in England who suffered from religious persecution could live in a land where freedom and tolerance would reign. That land would become Maryland.
In order to get the best applicants for the trip to the new colony, Cecelius Calvert advertized the new world. Cecelius's salesmanship proved effective as he recruited nearly twenty "Gentlemen" as well as shipbuilders, carpenters, wainwrights, brick makers, farmers, and their wives. There were all classes of Englishmen, both Catholoics and Protestants. Some of those aboard were indentured servants who gave up their freedom in exchange for their paid passage to Maryland which would be repaid through work in the new colony.
On a misty morning on November 22, 1633, after Leonard Calvert received explicit instructions from his brother, Cecelius, odering privacy and silence regarding religious matters, approximately 140 people set sail from England on two ships, the Ark and the Dove.
On January 3, 1634, the Ark reached Barbados where the passengers rested and gathered fresh water and food supplies. On February 27, trhe ships arrived in Old Point Comfort, Virginia. On march 3, they set sail again up the Chesapeake, rounded the corner at Point Lookout , and entered the Potomac River. They passed the St. Mary's River and continued to rest on an Island which they named St. Clement's Island. This was the beginning of St. Mary's County and Maryland.
Narrative of a Voyage to Maryland, 1633-34
by Father Andrew White, S.J. who came with the Ark and the Dove
On the Twenty Second of the month of November, in the year 1633, being St. Cecilia's Day, we set sail from Cowes, in the Isle of Wight, with a gentle east wind blowing. And after committing the...ship to the protection of God especially, and of His most Holy Mother, and St. Ignatius, and all the guardians of Maryland, we sailed...past a number of rocks...which from their shape, are called the Needles...We left behind us the western promontory of England and the Scilly Isles...sailing easily on...[we passed] over the British channel. Yet we did not hasten, ...fearing, if we left the pinnace [i.e., the Dove] too far behind us, that it would become the prey of Turks and Pirates, who generally infest that sea...
The winds increasing, and the sea growing more boisterous, we could see the pinnace in the distance, showing two lights of her masthead. Then indeed we thought it was all over with her, and that she had been swallowed up in the deep whirlpools; for in a moment she had passed out of sight, and no news of her reached us for six months afterwards...[But after returning to England and made] a fresh start from thence, ...[and] overtook us [months later at the Antilles].
[Several days later] so fierce a tempest broke forth, ...that it seemed every minute as if we must be swallowed up by the waves...The clouds...were fearful to behold, ...and excited the belief that all the malicious spirits of the storm, and all the evil genii of Maryland had come forth to battle against us...And such a furious hurricane followed...that the mainsail, the only one we were carrying, [was] torn in the middle from top to bottom...All control of the rudder being lost, the ship now drifted about like a dish in the water, at the mercy of the waves...[But eventually] the storm was abating...[and] we had delightful weather for three months. [We continued past the Strait of Gibraltar, and the Madeiras, with favorable winds [the Portuguese trade winds], which blew steadily towards the South and the south-west [to] the Fortunate Isles [the Canary Islands].
[En route to the Caribbean Sea Christmas was celebrated and] in order that that day might be better kept, wine was given out; and those who drank of it too freely, were seized the next day with a fever; and of these, not long afterwards, about twelve died... [We reached Barbados on the third of January, [but] They had no beef or mutton at any price, ...On the twenty-fourth of January, we weighed anchor and [continued past St. Lucia, Guadalupe, Montserrat, and Nevis and spent ten days at St. Christopher's].
At length, sailing from this place, [we went north, rounded Cape Hatteras, and entered Chesapeake Bay between Cape Charles and Cape Henry and] reached Point Comfort, in Virginia, on the 27th of February, full of apprehension, lest the English in habitants, who were much displeased at our settling, should be plotting something against us. Nevertheless the letters we carried from the King, and from the high treasurer of England, served to allay their anger.
After being kindly treated for eight or nine days, we set sail on the third of March, and entering the Chesapeake Bay, we turned our course to the north to reach the Potomack River...Having now arrived at the wished-for country. Never have I beheld a larger or more beautiful river [than the Potomac]. The Thames seems a mere rivulet in comparison with it...The first island we came to [we called] St. Clement's Island...On the day of the Annunciation of the Most Holy Virgin Mary in the year 1634, we celebrated the mass for the first time, on the island...[then] we took upon our shoulders a great cross, which we had hewn out of a tree...[and] erected a trophy to Christ the Saviour...Since, however, the island contains only four hundred acres, we saw that it would not afford room enough for the new settlement, [we went] about nine leagues from St. Clement, [and] sailed into the mouth of a river, on the north side of the Potomac [now St. Mary's River] capable of containing three hundred ships of the largest size...We landed...and going in about a mile from the shore, we laid out the plan of a city, naming it after St. Mary. And in order to avoid every appearance of injustice, and afford opportunity for hostility, we bought from the [Indian] King thirty miles of land.
Extracted from The Maryland Historical Society's Fund Publication No. 1, Baltimore, Maryland, 1874.
Passengers of the "Ark" and the "Dove"
The following list is taken from Series II, "Register of Maryland's
Heraldic Families," by Alice Norris Parran, 1938, [the passenger
list through the research of Mrs. G. W. Hodges]. This book has
been advertised lately, possibly a reprinting, but hopefully indexed!
"Ark" and "Dove" Nov. 22nd, 1633 Record Mar. 25th 1634
...The twenty Gentlemen with Gov. Leonard CALVERT, and his
brother, George CALVERT, Commissioners --
Sir Thomas CORNWALLEYS,
Jerome HAWLEY Esq.
Richard GERRARD - Knight Baronet, s/o Sir Thomas GERRARD,
Lord Baron of Byrne.
Lady WINTOUR'S two sons: Edward and Frederick WINTOUR
Sir Thomas WISEMAN'S son, Henry WISEMAN, Esq.
Nicholas FAIRFAX (d. enroute)
Thomas BECKWITH, Esq.
Dr. John BRISCOE- Surgeon, and Henry BRISCOE
Father Andrew WHITE, a priest whose Journal of the Vayage and
Colonization is very remarkable.
Mrs. Ann COX-(wid. evid sister of Richard GERRARD, K. B. She later m.
Thomas GREEN. Had issue).
Mr. John SAUNDERS, partner of Sir Thomas CORNWALLEYS, who was
to supervise his 12 servants. But he died enroute (his wife and ch. are
found in MD, 1644.
Mr. Henry GREEN, Gent.
Priest-ANTHAM or ALTON
Mr. John BAXTER, Gent.
Mr. Wm. ANDREWS-wife, Anne.
Mr. Richard COLE
Mr. Richard DUKE
Many of the passengers were sons of relations who were indentured for their
passage. They are found in lists following.
Matthew BURROWES Edward CRANFIELD Wm. ASHMORE
Thos. ALLEN John ASHMORE Wm. ANDREWS
Jas.BAREFOOT(d.enroute) Wm. EDWIN John BOWLTER
Richard BRADLEY John BRYANT Ralph BEAN
Henry BISHOP Henry BRISCOE Wm. BROWNE
Thomas BECKWITH Anem BENDIN Christopher CARNOT
Mrs.Ann COX(nee Gerard) Thomas CHARINGTON Thomas COOPER
John CURKE John CARLE Edward CRANFIELD
Richard COLE Richard DUKE Thomas DARNALL
Peter DRAPER Henry GREEN Thomas GRINSTON(GRIGSON)
Thomas HEATH John HALFHEAD Nicholas HARVEY
Thomas HODGES John HOLLIS/HOLLOWES Benjamine HODGES
James HOCKLEY Richard HILLS John HILLIERD
Thomas HARRINGTON John HILL William WHITEHEAD
Richard EDWARDS John ELKIN Robert EDWARDS
Cuthbert FENWICK Lewis FREEMAN William FITTER
Thos. GERVAIS, priest Father ALTHAM Stephen GORE
John GAINES Richard GILBERT John HOLDEN
Mary JENNINGS Josias JENNINGS Henry JAMES
Richard KENTON Samuel LAWSON Rich. LOWE(master of Ark)
Richard LUSTHEAD Roger MORGAN John MARLBOROUGH
Thomas MINUS Charles MIDDLETON John MEDCALF
Fra MALCHET John NELVILL Joan PORTER
Richard NEVILL Richard ORCHARD John PRICE
Michael PERRILL Henry DARREL John SAUNDERS
Thomas PRICE Nicholas PERRIE Robert PIKE
Lodwick PRICE John PRICE Mr. ROGERS(?)
Francis ROGERS Francis RABNETT John ROBINSON
John WARD Evans WATKINS Roger WALTER
James THORBTON Richard THOMPSON Mathias TOUSA
Father Andrew WHITE Capt. Robert WINTOUR Robert SMITHSON
John THOMSON John SAUNDERS Wm. SMITH
A. SMITH Thomas SMITH (had wife, Jane, daus: Jane & Gertrude)
Wm. SAIRE Mathias SOUSA Samuel SOUSA
Robert SIMPSON Thomas STRATHAM Robert SHIRLEY
Stephen SAMNAN Mr. Robert SMITHSON John THOMPSON
James THORNTON Rich. THOMPSON Matthais TOUSA (mulatto)
Capt. Robt. WINTOR, Master of Ark (with Capt. Rich. LOWE)
Henry WISEMAN,of Thos. Roger WALTER Evans WATKINS
John WARD(wife Dameris) Matthais ZAUSE
If anyone has another list from a different source it would be good to compare
the names. Hope this helps some of you!
Patricia Bishop Obrist, 3069 Country Knoll Drive, St. Charles, MO 63303-6368
The Story of the Ark and the Dove
By the time two small wooden sailing ships lifted anchor, on the 22nd day of November, 1633, and set sail from Cowes, Isle of Wight, England, much planning already had been done. Cecil Calvert, the organizer of the venture, was sending people to establish the English colony of Maryland on the North American coast. He did not want to repeat any of the mistakes made by earlier groups, such as the colonists at Jamestown and Plymouth, and so he made sure his travelers were well prepared.
He carefully chose people who were important to the success of the colony: farmers to grow food, carpenters and brick layers to build houses, shipbuilders, blacksmiths, even soldiers for protection. Among the colonists were two Jesuits priests. It is from the writings of Father Andrew White that we have learned so much about the voyage of the Ark and Dove, as well as the early years of settlement in Maryland.
As part of the planning, the Calverts carefully selected and stored barrels of flour, meat, dried vegetables, water, beer, sugar, salt, vinegar, and other food stuff. The colonists had to take enough food, not only for the long voyage, but to keep the settlement alive in case no other food was found when they arrived.
Clothing for everyone, for both summer and winter, was packed. Seeds, roots, and plant cuttings were stored for planting fields and gardens. Many kinds of tools were taken for home and furniture construction, farming, building fortifications, and even making small boats. The ships were armed with cannon for protection at sea from pirates. Guns, knives, and swords were brought for protection and hunting when they reached land. Even trade goods were packed for trading with Native Americans.
All of these provisions were stored on board so they took up as little space as possible and in such a way that food-related items would not spoil. Between space for supplies and living accommodations for approximately 200 men and women, the little ships were quite full.
One lesson the Calvert family had learned from earlier ventures was correct timing. The voyage left England in the fall so that the band of colonists would arrive in North America in the spring. This way they would have time to grow food before the following winter and would not need warm houses for several months.
Finally, the two ships set sail. They would not travel directly westward toward Maryland. Instead, a southwesterly course was set, with planned stops at the Canary Islands and then the Cape Verde Islands off the west coast of Africa, then west across the Atlantic Ocean to Barbados Island in the Caribbean. These would be stepping stones across the vast Atlantic, and the route should give them favorable winds. From the calmer waters of the Caribbean, the ships planned to sail northward up the coast of North America, with a stop in Virginia before proceeding to Maryland.
Not long after going to sea, the Ark and Dove were swept by a terrible storm. At midnight, the Dove signaled that it was in distress. So fierce were the wind and waves, however, that the Ark could not help. When dawn came, the Dove had disappeared.
The Ark sailed on alone. The ship reached Barbados on January 3, 1634. As the passengers and crew rested and gathered fresh water and food supplies, the Dove appeared on the horizon. The smaller vessel had turned back to the English harbor and waited out the storm before continuing on. All were united again.
On February 27, both ships arrived off of Point Comfort, Virginia and visited the colonists at Jamestown. They bought pigs, cows, and other needed supplies. Soon they set sail up the Chesapeake Bay, bound for the Potomac River and Maryland. People crowded the decks anxious to get their first glimpse of Maryland and its forests, birds, and Indians.
At a small island then called St. Clement's (today called Blakistone) they went ashore, set up a large cross, and gave thanks for their safe arrival. The date was March 25, 1634 which we celebrate today as Maryland Day.
The settlers were not yet able to set up their homes but their long four month sea voyage was ended. Their next new venture was to begin.
Written by Dawn Thomas, Coordinator, Elementary Social Studies
© Montgomery County Public Schools, 1996.
_Henry Dismore Sr.___+ | (1753 - 1816) m 1780 _Henry C. Dismore Jr._|_Martha Smith _______ | (1785 - 1830) m 1804 (1760 - ....) _Henry Dismore ______| | (1810 - 1884) | | | _____________________ | | | | |_Nancy Donahew _______|_____________________ | (1785 - ....) m 1804 _William M. Dismore _| | (1837 - 1882) m 1858| | | _____________________ | | | | | ______________________|_____________________ | | | | |_____________________| | | | | _____________________ | | | | |______________________|_____________________ | | |--Martha Dismore | (1865 - ....) | _____________________ | | | ______________________|_____________________ | | | _____________________| | | | | | | _____________________ | | | | | | |______________________|_____________________ | | |_Martha Richey ______| (.... - 1916) m 1858| | _____________________ | | | ______________________|_____________________ | | |_____________________| | | _____________________ | | |______________________|_____________________
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_____________________ | _James Drake ________|_____________________ | (1778 - 1865) m 1798 _James Drake II II___| | (1804 - 1885) | | | _Ebenezer Paddock ___+ | | | (1740 - 1830) m 1774 | |_Sarah Paddock ______|_Keziah Case ________ | (1776 - 1818) m 1798 (1755 - 1818) _Benjamin Drake _____| | (1830 - 1889) m 1861| | | _____________________ | | | | | _____________________|_____________________ | | | | |_Rachael Hunt _______| | (1810 - 1887) | | | _____________________ | | | | |_____________________|_____________________ | | |--Anna V. Drake | (1863 - 1934) | _____________________ | | | _____________________|_____________________ | | | _____________________| | | | | | | _____________________ | | | | | | |_____________________|_____________________ | | |_Eliza Jane Patton __| (1845 - 1921) m 1861| | _____________________ | | | _____________________|_____________________ | | |_____________________| | | _____________________ | | |_____________________|_____________________
____________________________________________________ | _____________________________________________|____________________________________________________ | _________________________________________| | | | | ____________________________________________________ | | | | |_____________________________________________|____________________________________________________ | _John Grant 2nd of Freuchie_| | | | | ____________________________________________________ | | | | | _____________________________________________|____________________________________________________ | | | | |_________________________________________| | | | | ____________________________________________________ | | | | |_____________________________________________|____________________________________________________ | | |--James Grant 3rd of Freuchie | (.... - 1553) | _Walter of Ogilvy of Auchterhouse, Sheriff of Angus_+ | | (.... - 1392) | _Walter Ogilvy of Lintrathen, High Treasurer_|_Isabel Ramsay _____________________________________ | | (.... - 1440) | _Walter Ogilvy of Deskford and Findlater_| | | | | | | _John Glen of Glen and Balmuto _____________________+ | | | | | | |_Isobel Glen ________________________________|_Margaret Erskine __________________________________ | | |_Margaret Ogilvy ___________| | | ____________________________________________________ | | | _John Sinclair of Deskford and Findlater_____|____________________________________________________ | | |_Margaret Sinclair ______________________| | | ____________________________________________________ | | |_____________________________________________|____________________________________________________
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__ | __|__ | __| | | | | __ | | | | |__|__ | _Ulrich Steiner _____| | (1565 - ....) m 1586| | | __ | | | | | __|__ | | | | |__| | | | | __ | | | | |__|__ | | |--Catherine Steiner | (1605 - ....) | __ | | | __|__ | | | __| | | | | | | __ | | | | | | |__|__ | | |_Margaret Anthoni ___| (1565 - ....) m 1586| | __ | | | __|__ | | |__| | | __ | | |__|__
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